Contribute to MIDIRS Midwifery Digest and Evidence Based Midwifery (EBM)

 

Would you like to write for MIDIRS Midwifery Digest? 

MIDIRS is here to allow all midwives, student midwives, Maternity Support Workers (MSWs) or any health professional caring for women, babies and their families during pregnancy, birth and the postnatal period, worldwide, to share their knowledge and experiences to improve practice and outcomes. We are dedicated to helping you learn, grow and share from the start of your midwifery training all the way through your career.

We welcome original contributions from new, aspiring, or established writers, and our author guidelines will tell you everything you need to know about submitting your work to us.

Before you submit an article, please read the guidelines carefully. Unfortunately, we are unable to accept or review articles that do not adhere to the guidelines.

The Editor reserves the right to revise material or to return it to the author for amendments before accepting it for publication. We also reserve the right to amend material during production in accordance with house style and the demands of space and layout. Copyright of original articles published in MIDIRS belongs to MIDIRS.

For informal inquiries, questions or support with your submission please contact the MIDIRS Editor: Sara Webb at: sara.webb@rcm.org.uk.

Find out more about writing original articles for MIDIRS Midwifery Digest below:

A journal article should be written in a different style from that of an academic essay.  Aim for a clear, readable and accessible style. If this is the first time you have submitted an article to a journal it may help to ask a colleague or tutor to read it.

As you write, ask yourself:

  • Is my article relevant to midwives, student midwives, Maternity Support Workers (MSWs) or any health professional caring for women during pregnancy, birth and the postnatal period?
  • Does my article say something new?
  • What question(s) am I trying to answer?
  • Have I answered the question(s) accurately?
  • Have I made clear what is personal opinion and what is evidence/research-based fact?
  • Does the article flow in a logical progression?
  • Could I improve it by rewriting or moving certain paragraphs?
  • Have I helped the reader through the article with regular (short) subheadings?
  • Is my language and level of argument appropriate for the broad readership?
  • Are all the references complete and correct?

Please check your writing carefully for accuracy and ambiguity. A final edit, prior to submission, is essential to check spelling and remove any unnecessary words or phrases. You may find it helpful to look at past issues of MIDIRS to get an idea of the journal’s overall style and focus. The editorial team reserves the right to edit any article. Your article will be sent to you to check in its final form shortly before publication.

For informal inquiries, questions or support with your submission please contact the MIDIRS Editor: Sara Webb at sara.webb@rcm.org.uk. 

Download the advice on writing for MIDIRS here.

Advancing Clinical Practice  - (Reflective Practice/ Work experience / Service evaluation / Clinical Governance & Safety)

We welcome contributions about clinical practice, such as reflection on practice, personal experiences, service evaluation and clinical governance/safety.  We are particularly interested in current issues, new developments, controversial topics, and would like articles that share experiences to help others advance their practice and/or challenge clinical practice.

Guidelines - Advancing Clinical Practice

Maximum of 2500 words including in-text references and the reference list.
• 100-word summary of the article, positioned at the start of the paper.
• Statement of permissions obtained if appropriate
• Reference list positioned at the end – maximum of 20 references.
Maximum of three tables/illustrations

Research – Primary (audits / RCTs / Cohort studies) or Secondary (Literature reviews / Systematic reviews / Modified systematic reviews)

We welcome submissions on primary and secondary research. We are keen to encourage submissions from any research undertaken as part of a higher education course, such as a dissertation or essay. Occasionally, the larger pieces of work may need to be split into two related papers.

Research articles are a maximum 3500 words including in-text references, tables/figures and the reference list.

Guideline - Primary Research (audits / RCTs / Cohort studies)

Abstract - 350 word maximum
o Objective
o Methods
o Results
o Conclusion
• Main paper
o Introduction
State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
o Methods
A brief but clear outline of the methodology, making clear the study setting, the sample, the hypothesis (where relevant) and the reason for the chosen method. Please provide information of ethical approvals granted and particular ethical considerations in your study. Please provide details of funding, if appropriate.
o Results
Results should be clear and concise. Results/findings consistent with your chosen methodology. Tables and graphs may be used – maximum of three in total.
o Discussion
Relate your findings to focus their relevance to midwifery practice. Also include a brief statement of limitations of the research, and implications for practice and future research.
o Conclusion
A concise conclusion to include implications for future practice/research.
• Statement of permissions obtained if appropriate.
• Reference list - maximum of 25 references.

Guideline - Secondary Research (Literature reviews / Systematic reviews / Modified systematic reviews)

• Abstract - 350 word maximum
o Objective
o Methods
o Results
o Conclusion
• Main paper
o Introduction
State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
o Methods
A brief but clear outline of the methodology, to include search strategy, inclusion/exclusion criteria, study selection, quality appraisal, reflexivity (if applicable), data extraction and analysis methods. Please provide details of funding, if appropriate.
o Results/Findings
Results should be clear and consistent with your chosen methodology. Tables and graphs may be used – maximum of three in total.
o Discussion
Relate your findings to focus their relevance to midwifery practice. Also include a brief statement of limitations of the research, and implications for practice and future research.
o Conclusion
A concise conclusion to include implications for future practice/research.
• Statement of permissions obtained if appropriate.
• Reference list - maximum of 25 references.

Viewpoint/Discussion pieces

We welcome shorter reflective pieces that will encourage reflection and discussion. These articles may be clinical, descriptive, narrative or reflective pieces. We are keen for pieces that look at historical practices and experiences and how they relate to current services/guidelines, or for comparison of clinical practices across countries.

Viewpoint/Discussion pieces are a maximum of 1000 words including in-text references and the reference list.

For inclusion with your submission:
100-word summary of the article, positioned at the start of the paper.
• Main body of article. Tables/illustrations can be included - maximum of three tables/illustrations in total
• Statement of permissions obtained if appropriate.
• Reference list - maximum of 25 references.

De-mystifying Research!

To encourage advancement, understanding and adoption of research into daily midwifery practice, MIDIRS welcome pieces that discuss and critique a particular published piece of research.  These will help the reader gain a greater understanding of how to critique research, while also gaining knowledge about the specific research study being discussed. 

We also request submission of ‘Research guides’ that explain research and statistic methodologies in an easy to understand format.  These can be published in a series or as a one off piece.

Word count for these types of articles will be dependent on the content/topic. 

Please contact MIDIRS Editor, Sara Webb to discuss if you are interested in publishing such work: sara.webb@rcm.org.uk.

Guideline/Report reviews

We encourage reviews of local, national and international guidelines/reports that have implications directly or indirectly for midwives.  Such commentaries will help our readers to understand what reports mean for midwifery practice and to place report recommendations into context.

Word count for these types of articles will be dependent on the content/topic. 

Please contact MIDIRS Editor, Sara Webb to discuss if you are interested in publishing such work: sara.webb@rcm.org.uk.

Download the article types here.

Author information: you will need to provide the following information:

Submitting Author
• Preferred title
• Name
• Role
• Workplace
• Contact author email(This is usually the submitting author)
• Twitter or Instagram handle (if applicable).

Co-Author(s)
• Preferred title
• Name
• Role
• Workplace

Main body article as described in the types of article, adhering to the following house style:

• Font and formatting:
o Use Arial font, size 12.
o Use 1.5 line spacing.
o Headings and sub-headings in bold, further sub-headings in italic.
o If you have included boxes of writing (possibly as extras or illustrative comments), please ensure these appear as text within the article (with borders, if you wish) rather than as separate items; this is to ensure they are easily accessible for our editorial team, but also so that the text is included in the word count.
o When using abbreviations or acronyms in the text, always show the term or the name of the organisation in full the first time it is used in the text. For example: lower segment caesarean section (LSCS); National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE). Thereafter, just use the abbreviation, ‘LSCS’, ‘NICE’ etc.

• References:
o The chosen style for citing references is Harvard. Using this style, authors are named in the text with the publication year of their work shown in brackets after their name(s).
o All references, regardless of the format they take, (whether they are journal articles, books, book chapters etc) should be listed alphabetically at the end of your paper.
o Use authors’ initials as they appear in the article/publication but do not leave spaces between them. For foreign names, refer to Medline for the correct citation style.
o Do not use commas between author names and initials in the reference list:
Duff E (2003) not Duff, E (2003).
o When referencing papers with different number of authors:

When referencing papers with different number of authors:

One author: 

In the text:   In a study by Duff (2003) it was concluded that…

In the reference list: Duff E (2003). Millennium development goals: where are the goalkeepers? MIDIRS Midwifery Digest 13(3):319-20.

Two authors: 

In the text:  When citing two authors, names should be linked by “&”:  In a study by Hey & Hurst (2003) it was concluded that…

In the reference list:  Hey M, Hurst K (2003). Antenatal screening: why do women refuse? RCM Midwives Journal 6(5):216-20.

Three authors or more: 

In the text:  Show the name of the first author only, and follow this by the phrase ‘et al’.  Thompson et al (1997) conclude that…

In the reference list:  All the authors names are included in the reference list.

  • The source (book, journal) should be shown in italics.
  • Journal titles should be shown in full, eg  Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine.

• Tables and graphs
A maximum of three tables and/or graphs are allowed for all types of article. Each one is equivalent to 200 words so please remember this and include these into your total word count: eg, One table or graph = 250 words, one table and one graph/ two tables = 500 words, etc.

• Images
We welcome the addition of illustrations as they enhance articles. Please ensure that pictures, photos, diagrams, etc. are sent as VERY HIGH RESOLUTION jpegs or pdf attachments in addition to showing their placement in the article. Please clearly indicate in the text where the images are to be placed. Please ensure that the APPROPRIATE PERMISSIONS ARE OBTAINED and these are clearly stated next to the image.

• Illustrations
Please provide good quality photographs (high res jpegs at a size of 1MB), diagrams or illustrations to go with your article. If you want to use or adapt illustrations from another source, it is your responsibility to obtain written permission to reproduce the material and to credit it accordingly. Photographs need the permission of both the photographer and all subjects within the pictures. Please submit all photos, diagrams and other illustrations as high res jpegs or pdfs separately, clearly highlighting where in the article it should go.

Confidentiality

Please be aware of issues of confidentiality. You may require permission from individuals/institutions discussed in your article. We reserve the right to anonymise where appropriate before publication.

Copyright

All material is accepted for publication as an original article on the understanding that it has not been published before and is not due for publication elsewhere. The copyright of all material accepted for publication lies with the Publisher, MIDIRS. Whilst welcoming all contributions MIDIRS does not offer payment for unsolicited articles.

Promotion of products or services

We cannot include references to private companies, products or services. If you are writing as owner or employee of a company, brand names etc. will be changed to be more generic. Where a further resources section is included, this is designed to provide sources of information to the reader, not to list or promote products, companies or even particular books. Charities can appear, at our discretion, within the further resources, but only alongside a variety of alternatives, usually based in the NHS or equivalent.

Download the submission guidelines for MIDIRS here.

Evidence Based Midwifery (EBM) aims to promote the dissemination, implementation and evaluation of midwifery and maternity research evidence at local, national and international levels.

Papers on qualitative research, quantitative research, mixed-methods, philosophical research, action research, systematic reviews and meta-analyses of qualitative or quantitative data are all welcomed.

We also publish research protocols following ethical review. All authors are encouraged to contact the editorial staff if they have any questions about the suitability of their paper.

For informal inquiries, questions or support with your submission please contact the MIDIRS/EBM Editorial Assistant Julie Rogers at: julie.rogers@rcm.org.uk.

Publication

The journal is published four times a year and is fully online and openly accessible within three months of publication. All papers should be submitted via the MIDIRS/EBM submission form online.

It is the responsibility of the lead author to acknowledge that there is no plagiarism in the paper and the paper has not been published elsewhere.

Acceptance

Your submission is only formally accepted at the end of the review period.  It is under review during that time.  If successful you will receive a formal email of acceptance and it is from this date that the Open Access requirements must be actioned & met.

Open Access (OA)

The EBM journal is Sherpa REF compliant.  It is the responsibility of the lead author to satisfy the following requirements:

  • Discovery requirement - put bibliographic details of your article in an institution repository within 3 months of acceptance, making these open to view 
  • Deposit requirement - deposit the full text of the published version of your article in a Subject Repository within 3 months of acceptance, with restricted access
  • Open Access requirement - Make it open access: this journal has a 3-month embargo period when you comply in this way. You must make the full text of your article open access in a Subject Repository immediately after this embargo period ends. 

The journal permits you to archive your final paper in your institutional repository as soon as it has been accepted for publication. Three months after publication your paper is fully open access and downloadable from any electronic device anywhere in the world. Research papers from EBM were included in the REF2014 and are acceptable for inclusion in REF2021.

The Doctoral Midwifery Research Society 

EBM is the official journal for papers presented at the annual meeting of the Doctoral Midwifery Research Society and these papers are subject to fast tracking.

Referees and review process

All suitable papers submitted to Evidence Based Midwifery are subject to double-blind, peer review to assess their academic rigour, quality and relevance to the overall aim of the journal. Referees with relevant expertise in the subject area and or methodology will be asked to provide a structured critical review of papers and reviews will be forwarded to the authors along with comments from the editor. Where necessary, papers will also be sent to members of the Advisory Panel for expert opinion on matters to do with statistical accuracy, professional relevance or legal ramifications.

All authors will have an acknowledgement of receipt of their paper and the review process should be complete within 12 weeks. Major changes will be agreed with the authors, but the editors reserve the right to make modifications in accordance with in-house style and demands for space and layout.

All papers are sent to the first named author for essential corrections  before publication and should be returned promptly. Corrections at this proofreading stage should be kept to a minimum and references and quotations should be checked carefully. Proofs will be sent to all authors for final proofing as word documents prior to publication and the accuracy of the content is the responsibility of the corresponding (Lead) author. Figures and tables that have to be redrawn in-house may not be included with proofs. Supplementary material can be made accessible online. The editors will decide on the time of publication.

Revision process

• If you are asked to revise your paper, please do so with care and attention to detail.
• Submit a ‘Response to peer review’ table with your revised paper and insert two columns:
First column ‘Request for revision’ - in this column put in the request for revision /clarity /word reduction etc.
Second column ‘Response’ – in this column insert the line and page numbers where the changes have been made. If you have not made any changes to the text and are submitting a justification for not revising the original text please state the rationale for non-revision.
You must then highlight the changes in the document that you have made or the content of the text that you have justified its original format. Make the changes, accept them and then highlight them. Do not use track changes. The referees will then be able to easily locate the changes/justification you have made in response to their feedback.

Authorship (updated  from: International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (2019)

EBM recommends and endorses the guidance set out by the  ICMJE (2019) for  authorship  based on the following 4 criteria:

  • Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
  • Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
  • Final approval of the version to be published; AND
  • Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship, and all those who qualify should be listed. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. One or more authors should take responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole, from inception to published article.

Authorship credit should be based only on:

  • substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data

  • drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content
  • final approval of the version to be published.

Conditions 1, 2, and 3 must all be met.

Acquisition of funding, the collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, by themselves, do not justify authorship.

All others who contributed to the work who are not authors should be named in the acknowledgments, and what they did should be described. Increasingly, authorship of multi-centre trials is attributed to a group. All members of the group who are named as authors should fully meet the above criteria for authorship. Group members who do not meet these criteria should be listed, with their permission, in the acknowledgments or in an appendix. The order of authorship on the byline should be a joint decision of the co-authors. Authors should be prepared to explain the order in which authors are listed. In addition to being accountable for the parts of the work he or she has done, an author should be able to identify which co-authors are responsible for specific other parts of the work. In addition, authors should have confidence in the integrity of the contributions of their co-authors.

All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship, such as a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support, should be listed. Financial and material support should also be acknowledged. Groups of persons who have contributed materially to the paper, but whose contributions do not justify authorship may be listed under a heading such as ‘clinical investigators’ or ‘participating investigators’, and their function or contribution should be described – for example, ‘served as scientific advisors’, ‘critically reviewed the study proposal’, ‘collected data’, or ‘provided and cared for study patients’.

Because readers may infer their endorsement of the data and conclusions, all persons must have given written permission to be acknowledged.

Download the essential information here

Word count reminder - Papers should be written to a maximum word count of 5000 words excluding references, tables and figures.   Please check the word count and include total word count (Abstract + Main paper) on the Abstract.  Any paper that is submitted with an excess of 5000 words without prior discussion with the editor, will be returned.

Primary Research ( RCTs / Cohort studies/Mixed Methodology studies)

Abstract - 400 word minimum 

  • Background/rationale 
  • Aim(s) & objective(s)
  • Ethics
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Conclusion
  • Keywords (up to ten) Up to ten key words that identify accurately the paper’s subject, purpose and focus (Evidence Based Midwifery must be included). These key words will be used to assist indexers in cross-indexing the article and will be published with the abstract.
  • Total word count (Abstract + Main Paper - excluding tables/references)

Main paper 

  • Introduction - State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
  • Methods - A brief but clear outline of the methodology, making clear the study setting, the sample, the hypothesis (where relevant) and the reason for the chosen method. For RCTs we request a CONSORT diagram (Figure) and checklist (Table). Please provide information of ethical approvals granted and particular ethical considerations in your study. Please provide details of funding, if appropriate.
  • Results - Results should be clear and concise.  Results/findings consistent with your chosen methodology. Tables and graphs may be used – see Submission Guidelines / Tables and graphs
  • Discussion - Relate your findings to focus their relevance to midwifery practice. Also include a brief statement of limitations of the research, and implications for practice and future research.
  • Conclusion - A concise conclusion to include implications for future practice/research
  • References - See Submission Guidelines / References
  • Acknowledgements - Should be kept to a minimum and include funder.
  • Funding - Please provide a statement of funding, if applicable 
  • Ethics approvals - Please provide the name of the Ethical Committee and reference number, if applicable 
  • Permissions - Please provide details of necessary permissions obtained, if applicable 
  • Commercial affiliations - Please provide a statement of any commercial affiliations linked to this study, if applicable 
  • Conflicts of interest - Please state any known conflicts of interest, if applicable. 

Guideline - Secondary Research (Literature reviews / Systematic reviews / Modified systematic reviews)

Abstract - 350 words maximum

  • Background/rationale 
  • Research question 
  • Search methods 
  • Results 
  • Conclusion 
  • Keywords (up to ten) Up to ten key words that identify accurately the paper’s subject, purpose and focus (Evidence Based Midwifery must be included). These key words will be used to assist indexers in cross-indexing the article and will be published with the abstract. 
  • Total word count (Abstract + Mainpaper - excluding tables/references)

Main paper 

  • Introduction - State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
  • Methods - A brief but clear outline of the research question (PICO or equivalent PEO or SPIDER), methodology to include search strategy, inclusion/exclusion criteria, study selection, quality appraisal, reflexivity (if applicable), use of PRISMA checklist, data extraction and analysis methods.  Please provide details of funding, if appropriate.
  • Results/findings - Results should be clear and consistent with your chosen methodology. Tables and graphs may be used – see Submission Guidelines / Tables and graphs
  • Discussion - Relate your findings to focus their relevance to midwifery practice. Also include a brief statement of limitations of the research, and implications for practice and future research.
  • Conclusion - A concise conclusion to include implications for future practice/research
  • References - See Submission Guidelines / References
  • Acknowledgements - should be kept to a minimum and include funder 
  • Funding - Please provide a statement of funding if applicable 
  • Permissions - Please provide details of any necessary permissions obtained, if applicable 
  • Commercial affiliations - Please provide a statement of any commercial affiliations linked to this study, if applicable 
  • Conflicts of interest - the author must disclose if they have received funding or they are working for any parties liable to bring disrepute to the RCM or where there may be a conflict of interest. 

Download the article types here.

Author information 

No identifying details of the authors or their institutions should appear in the submitted paper. Author details should be communicated in a separate Word document. You will need to provide the following information:

Lead author (also corresponding author)

  • Preferred title
  • Name
  • Role
  • Workplace
  • Contact author e-mail (this is usually the lead author) 
  • Contact author address
  • Contact author telephone number 
  • Twitter and/or Instagram handle (if applicable) 

Co-authors

  • Preferred title 
  • Name
  • Role
  • Workplace 

Font and formatting

  • Use Arial font, size 12
  • Use 1.5 line spacing 
  • Insert line and page numbers
  • Headings and sub-headings in bold, further sub-headings in italic
  • If you have included boxes of writing (possibly as extras or illustrative comments), please ensure these appear as text within the article (with borders, if you wish) rather than as separate items; this is to ensure they are easily accessible for our editorial team, but also so that the text is included in the word count.
  • When using abbreviations or acronyms in the text, always show the term or the name of the organisation in full the first time it is used in the text. For example: lower segment caesarean section (LSCS); National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE). Thereafter, just use the abbreviation, ‘LSCS’, ‘NICE’ etc.

Word count

Papers should be written to a maximum word count of 5000 words excluding references, tables and figures. Please check the word count and include total word count (Abstract + Main paper) on the Abstract. Any paper that is submitted with an excess of 5000 words without prior discussion with the editor, will be returned.

References 

Primary Research (RCTs/Cohort studies/Mixed Methodology studies) - A maximum of 30
references is allowed.

Secondary Research (Literature reviews/Systematic reviews/Modified systematic reviews) - A maximum of 30 references is allowed for printing at the end of the manuscript. Additional references (for example, articles reviewed but did not satisfy inclusion criteria) can be provided as a supplementary file. 

  • The chosen style for citing references is Harvard. Using this style, authors are named in the text with the publication year of their work shown in brackets after their name(s).
  • All references, regardless of the format they take, (whether they are journal articles, books, book chapters etc) should be listed alphabetically at the end of your paper.
  • Use authors’ initials as they appear in the article/publication but do not leave spaces
    between them. For foreign names, refer to Medline for the correct citation style. 
  • Do not use commas between author names and initials in the reference list: Duff E (2003 not Duff, E (2003).

When referencing papers with different numbers of authors: 

One author: 

In the text: In a study by Duff (2003) it was concluded that...

In the reference list: Duff E (2003). Millennium development goals: where are the goalkeepers? MIDIRS Midwifery Digest 13(3): 319-20.

Two authors: 

In the text: When citing two authors, names should be linked by “&” : In a study by Hey & Hurst (2003) it was concluded that…

In the reference list: Hey M, Hurst K (2003). Antenatal screening: why do women refuse?
RCM Midwives Journal 6(5):216-20.

Three authors or more: 

In the text: Show the name of the first author only, and follow this by the phrase ‘et al’. Thompson et al (1997) conclude that…

In the reference list: All the authors’ names are included in the reference list.

  • The source (book, journal) should be shown in italics 
  • Journal titles should be shown in full, e.g. Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine 
  • A comprehensive guide to referencing can be found here

Tables and graphs 

A maximum of three tables and/or graphs are allowed for all types of article – excluding Systematic Reviews/Meta-analyses or RCTs. Each table should be submitted on a separate Word document with a short descriptive title. All relevant statistical data should be included. Charts and graphs must be clearly labelled, and the axes on graphs made clear. If charts or graphs are to be included, original or coordinate values should also be sent. Always include a citation in the text for each figure and table.

  • For systematic reviews we require a PRISMA Flowchart (Figure), and PRISMA Checklist (Table) and two further tables of outputs. If a meta-analysis is conducted we accept two additional Forest Plots unless prior agreement with the editor indicates otherwise. Authors are referred to the PRISMA checklist accessed 01/10/2020
  • For experimental studies/trials of clinical effectiveness/RCTs we require a CONSORT diagram (Figure), and CONSORT Checklist (Table) and two further tables of outputs. CONSORT (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials).

Images 

We welcome the addition of illustrations as they enhance articles. Please ensure that pictures, photos, diagrams, etc. are sent as VERY HIGH RESOLUTION jpegs or pdf attachments in addition to showing their placement in the article. Please clearly indicate in the text where the images are to be placed. Please ensure that the APPROPRIATE PERMISSIONS ARE OBTAINED and these are clearly stated next to the image.

Illustrations

Please provide good quality photographs (high res jpegs at a size of 1MB), diagrams or illustrations to go with your article. If you want to use or adapt illustrations from another source, it is your responsibility to obtain written permission to reproduce the material and to credit it accordingly. Photographs need the permission of both the photographer and all subjects within the pictures. Please submit all photos, diagrams and other illustrations as high res jpegs or pdfs separately, clearly highlighting where in the article it should go. Captions should be supplied for all illustrations. All illustrations are submitted at the owner’s risk. In cases where approval for reproduction or modification of material is required, the principal author must obtain this. While every effort will be made to return all illustrations, the publisher accepts no liability for loss or damage while in possession of the material.

Author disputes

Authors are referred to the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) for advice on how to handle authorship disputes: a guide for new researchers. 2003. Available here.

Download the submission guidelines here. 

General advice 

• Read the guidelines carefully and read papers published in the journal that are similar to yours (e.g., systematic reviews)
• Pay particular attention to your abstract as this is the window that shows the reader what to expect in the content.
Proof read your paper before you submit.
• Complete the submission checklist.
• If English is not your first language, seek support from a colleague or friend who has an excellent grasp of the language to quality assure your paper before submission.
• Rejection of papers is part of the process and cannot be avoided. Do not be discouraged from resubmitting with revised content, structure etc.

Download the submission checklist here.

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